Geashill National School
Special Education Needs Policy
This policy was drawn up by the Principal and staff at a series of consultative meetings which took place during 2005/2006 school year. This policy was reviewed at a staff meeting in 2009.
The purpose of this policy is to provide practical guidance for teachers, parents and other interested persons on the provision of effective special education teaching to pupils experiencing low achievement and/or learning difficulties and to fulfil our obligations under the Education Act, 1998.
Relationship to the Characteristic Spirit of the School
In our school we are dedicated to helping each child to achieve his/her individual potential. The provision of a quality system of special education teaching is integral to this commitment.
Through the implementation of this policy we strive to:
1. Facilitate pupils to participate in the full curriculum for their class level.
2. Develop positive self-esteem and positive attitudes to school and learning.
3. Enable pupils to monitor their own learning and become independent learners within their own ability.
4. Involve parents in supporting their children's learning.
5. Promote collaboration among teachers.
The following procedures are being implemented as a means of responding effectively to pupils' individual learning needs.
1. Preventative Strategies
As a means of preventing the occurrence of learning difficulties, the following strategies are being implemented:
- Development and implementation of agreed approaches to language development e.g. phonological awareness and to the teaching of other aspects of the English and Maths programmes e.g. Maths language;
- Class-based early intervention by the class teacher resulting in the provision of additional individualised support;
- Promotion of parental involvement through their attendance at an induction meeting for the parents of incoming Junior Infants, the provision of the "Tips for Parents" booklet, the arrangement of formal and informal Parent/Teacher Meetings.
- Ongoing observation and assessment.
2. Early Intervention Programme
- Early intervention begins for pupils in Junior Infants in response to the class teacher's observations - see Early Risk Indicators attached. All class teachers will follow the continuum of support guidelines.
- Any child deemed immature or unable to cope with the Junior Infant Programme is screened using The Belfield Infant Assessment Test.
- All Senior Infants are screened using MIST after completion of five terms in school.
- Taking account of the level of provision of special education teaching to our school, lessons take place on a daily basis and are of thirty to forty minute duration.
- The Special Education Teacher decides the size of groups, taking into account the individual learning needs of pupils and the overall caseload.
- Groups are kept to between 2 and 3 pupils per session.
- Lessons focus on the development of phonemic awareness, word identification strategies, oral work, silent reading and comprehension skills, IT skills and basic maths operations and problem solving.
3. Selection of Pupils for Supplementary Teaching
- Priority for special education teaching is given to those pupils who perform at or below the 10th percentile on standardised tests.
- Special attention is given to Junior/Senior infants who present with speech and language difficulties or those identified by HSE, Early Intervention Team (preschool) as needing extra support.
- We also consider those whose attainments in standardised tests do not correlate with their IQ scores (NRIT).
- In the case of each pupil a consultative meeting between the class teacher, parents and the Special Education Teacher concerning the pupil's performance is arranged.
- Parental consent is sought for the conducting of diagnostic assessment and for their inclusion in Learning Support Class.
The tests in use are:
1. Marino Reading Test
2. Spar Reading Test
3. Schonell Reading Test
4. Gap Reading/Comprehension Test
7. Bangor Dyslexia Test
8. Middle Infant Screening Test
9. Belfield Infant Assessment Test
10. Rain Reading Test
11. Neale Analysis
12. Aston Inden-Diagnostic Tests
13. Non Reading Intelligence Test - Young
14. Daniels/Diach Spelling Test
These tests are administered by the Special Education Teacher. A further consultative meeting then takes place to consider the outcomes of the assessment.
4. Provision of Supplementary Teaching
- The primary work of the Special Education Teacher is the provision of supplementary teaching to the pupils identified in Section 3 above.
- The Special Education Teacher devises a programme of work in consultation with the class teacher.
- Such plans address the pupils' full range of needs and include:
- details from the pupils' class teachers;
- assessment results;
- other relevant information e.g. reports from other agencies;
- learning strengths and attainments;
- priority learning needs;
- learning targets;
- class-based learning activities - where applicable
- supplementary support activities;
- home support activities;
- Each child's progress is monitored through teacher observation, the keeping of planning and progress records and through children's own work - folders and reading records.
- A review takes place at various intervals throughout the school year. This is based on standardised tests. The Special Education Teacher or the class teacher meets the parents to discuss their child's progress in the light of the review.
- The Special Education Teacher maintains the following documentation in individualised files:
- individual profile and learning programme;
- other records of relevance;
- copies of NRIT and standardised tests results
- A system of withdrawal operates in response to the needs of the individual pupil.
5. Procedures for Continuing/Discontinuing Pupils
- Following each review as detailed in Section 4 above, a decision is made to continue/discontinue the provision of supplementary teaching.
- The criteria on which this decision is based include:
- has the pupil achieved some/all of the learning targets set?
- will the pupil be able to cope independently/semi- independently in the classroom learning context?
- The decision-making process involves consultation between the class teacher, the Special Education Teacher and the pupil's parents and account is also taken of the overall special educational demands in the school.
- As stated previously all decisions will be taken following full consultation with parents.
6. Parental Involvement
- Regular communication takes place between the Special Education Teacher and parents.
- Specific work may be given to parents to assist them to work effectively with their child eg Speech and language worksheets, Forward Together programme for children who have failed MIST. This support is available from the Special Education Teacher.
- The parents and Special Education Teacher meet formally and informally throughout the year to review the child's progress and provide support and advice on how best to help their child at home.
7. Referral to Out-of-School Agencies
- We follow the continuum of support guidelines.
- The Principal and Special Education Teacher discuss all relevant cases with NEPS psychologist, Mary Sherwin early in each school year. All test results are reviewed. Pupils are short listed for possible assessment based on this sharing of information. If a new case arises throughout the school year (ie new arrival) the principal will contact Mary Sherwin to arrange meeting.
- The Principal, class teacher and Special Education Teacher co-ordinate the referral of pupils to outside agencies e.g. Education Psychologist.
- The Principal and/or Special Education Teacher and/or Class Teacher meet with the parents to discuss the need for the referral and to seek consent.
- The class teacher completes the necessary referral form in consultation with the appropriate school personnel.
- The external professional, most likely NEPS Psychologist M Sherwin visits the school to meet with the pupil, parents, Principal, class teacher and Special Education Teacher (as appropriate) and the assessment is conducted.
- This is followed by a return visit at which findings are discussed, recommendations are considered and an appropriate response is agreed.
8. Provision of Resources
- Resources for the provision of special education teaching include a variety of textbooks, library books and ancillary materials and oral language programmes e.g.
1. Jigsaws (Alphabet Linked)
2. P.A.T. Phonological Awareness Training Pack 1
3. * Phonic Cards/Vowel Strips
4. Phonics - Resource Bank and Teachers Guide - Jill Gregory.
5. Stile Dyslexia and Stile Trays. Books 1-10.
6. * Prim Ed. The Big Book of Phonics
Early Bk of Phonics
(Series of 5 Bks)
7. * Alpha to Omega Stages 1,2 & 3
(Most activities from Word Shark based on same).
8. *Sequencing Mini Stories: Evan - Moor (USA)
Excellent for beginning story writing process
9. *New Treasury of English Workbook. Folens Bk 3
particularly for Comprehension, creative writing,
crosswords and grammar - senior level.
10. **Spelling Workshop. Education Company.
Units - comprised of everyday works, spelling patterns/phonics and dictation.
11. Wordshark, Numbershark.
12. * The Big A,B,C, Sound Sense Stories (Software)
13. * Ginn Series of Readers
Ginn 360 Levels 1-10
Ginn Pocket Books Levels 5,6,7 & 8
Approach/Trend Series - (Older
Children 10+ suitable reading for weak group)
14. Ashgate Spelling List
15. See list of tests attached
16. * Prim Ed Comprehension and Cloze procedure exercises (photo copiable)
17. Collection of Sequencing Activities forolder children 8+ ordering a story/structure (varied - photocopied from different sources).
18. Collection of Workbooks
19. Maths Equipment
20. Wide selection of library books which include:
o Panda Readers O'Brien Press
o Happy Families Series
o Sound Sense Series 1-A->10
o Usborne Flip/Flap Bks.
o Walker Read Together Books
o Oxford Treetops Series and Teaching Notes for Seniors
o Mentor Bks Selection of Novels for Senior Classes
o Ginn 360 Series Little Bks
21 CVC Cubes
CVC Word Building Mats
12 Pupil Guide Cards
22. Key Word Sentences
Books 1, 2 & 3.
23. Multiple Choice Comprehension Prim Ed.
24. Write about the Picture
Series 2 & 3. Easylearn.
25. Reading Roundabout
1 & 2 Easylearn.
26. Know How Series
Cloze Exercises for Juniors.
27. Oxford Reading Tree stages 4-9 with extension readers
28. Oxford phonics - Songbird series
29. High interest reading/non fiction - Remedia Publications
30. Oxford Treetops Novels
- Special Education resources will primarily be used in the Special Education unit. These resources may be made available to class teachers following consultation with the Special Education Teacher.
- The provision of Special Education Teacher is in addition to the regular class teaching in English and Maths (See page 10).
- Effort is made to ensure that pupils do not miss out on the same curricular area each time they attend special education. A flexible approach to timetabling is adopted by class teachers while class disruption is minimised. The provision of special education operates on a withdrawal system from the classroom.
10. Special Education Teacher's Work Schedule
- The work schedule of the Special Education Teacher, in addition to providing supplementary teaching, may include the overseeing of early intervention and prevention programmes, the conducting of diagnostic assessment e.g. screening of all special education, the maintenance and review of pupil records and consultation with teachers and parents.
- In recognition of this varied role, the caseload of the Special Education Teacher will be regularly reviewed.
- The Special Education Teachers general allocation is based on school enrolment of 80 children. As of September 30th 2010 enrolment is 106. (This information was added to policy in December 2010).
The school-wide implementation of this policy will result in enhancement of pupil learning in the following ways:-
- Improved standards of academic achievement within the pupil's individual learning programme;
- Enabling of the discontinuation of the provision of special education teaching based on positive assessment results;
- Enhanced parental involvement in supporting their child's learning needs;
- Increased opportunities for effective communication between school personnel in relation to pupils' progress.
The achievement of these success criteria will be assessed through feedback from teachers, pupils and parents.
Roles and Responsibilities
The implementation of our policy will be supported as follows:
Roles Person(s) Responsible
Co-ordinate special education Principal
and Special Needs Services
Provide supplementary teaching, Special Education Teacher
conduct diagnostic assessment,
maintain and review pupil records,
and liaise with Principal, teachers
First line responsibility for the Class Teacher
pupil's learning needs.
Support for and participation Parent
in their child's learning.
Development, implementation and Pupil
review of their own learning.
Oversee implementation and review Board of Management
of the Special Education policy and
the provision of adequate resources,
accommodation and storage.
- Learning support in maths takes place on Friday mornings
- It is available to all children from 1st - 6th classes.
- At the beginning of the school year, parents are given the choice to opt out of this programme if they so wish (reverse consent).
- Children struggling with the material covered in class during the week are given support. This generally takes the form of group work.
- Both withdrawal from class and in class support will be used for this work.
Implementation and Review
This policy will be reviewed at the end of every 3rd year henceforth.
Ratification and Communication
This policy was ratified at the Board of Management meeting in early 2009.
Early Risk Indicators
o Pencil Grip
o Copying Shape
o Name Vocabulary
o Writing own name
o Phonological awareness
o Letter names
o Use of scissors
o Repeating sentences
o Auditory discrimination
o Word matching
o Immediate recall of words
Tests in Use
1. Spar Reading/Cloze Test
2. Marino Word Reading Test
3. Rain Sentence Reading Test
4. GAP Comprehension
5. Daniels & Diach Spelling Test
6. Schonell Reading Test
7. Schonell Spelling Test
8. MIST Middle Infant Screening Test
9. BIAP Belfield Infant Assessment Test
10. Boehm-R Test of Basic Concepts
11. Bangor Dyslexia Test
12. NRIT Non Reading Intelligence Test
13. Aston Index-Diagnostic Tests
14. Neale Analysis of Reading Ability
15. Verbal Reasoning 8-9 }
9-11 } GL Assessment
16. Basic Number Diagnostic Test. B Gillham
17. Profile of Mathematic Skills. Norman France
18. Maths Tracker. Levels 1-3 PC CD Rom